Kenya is considered a volatile country with a heightened risk of Terrorism. Terrorist groups such as Al-Shabaab have dominated the ground for several years, intimidation of locals and high-profile attacks against westerners have increased during this time. Terrorist groups generally target western hotspots, for example, shopping complexes, beaches and hotels. Foreign travelers should also be aware of an increased risk of violent crime such as muggings and robberies in major cities such as Nairobi.
Travel by road in Kenya is high risk. Local driving standards are low, and local drivers routinely ignore traffic laws and functioning traffic lights. There is an increased risk of a road traffic crash or incident due to the poor infrastructure, poor road and vehicle conditions. The roads in most major cities show signs of wear, including potholes and other obstructions. Many vehicles do not meet minimal safety standards and are in poor mechanical condition.
Road conditions are poor in most outlying or rural areas, especially after the rainy seasons when roads deteriorate rapidly, causing extensive potholes and other road hazards. Strongly consider using four-wheel-drive vehicles, especially for travel outside major cities.