Crime is a concern in Zambia. Foreign visitors in the region are particularly vulnerable to opportunistic attacks, including theft and pickpocketing. Street gangs operate in certain parts of Lusaka and Livingstone; armed violence is possible. Criminals will target heavily populated locations with western travelers, and occasionally hotel rooms.
The standard of driving in Zambia is very poor; the majority of drivers are uninsured, and road conditions throughout the region, including Lusaka, are dangerous. The local driving community ignore road traffic safety and laws. The roads are in poor condition, and drivers travel at excessive speeds where road and vehicle conditions are unsafe. There is an extremely high risk of road traffic collisions (RTCs). A large portion of accidents occurs when traveling during the hours of darkness where visibility is significantly reduced.
Vehicles are stopped frequently on major roads by police officers through impromptu, and sometimes unauthorized roadblocks. Bribes are common, and officers are known to fine individuals when no violations are present. Consider traveling in secure vehicles to reduce compromising personal security.