There is a medium to high risk of terrorism in Ethiopia. Al-Shabaab who are predominantly based in Somalia has the capability to mount attacks throughout East Africa including Ethiopia. Likely targets include crowded spaces, transport hubs, and public places visited by foreign travelers.
Ethiopia is considered high-risk for crime. Opportunistic criminals operate throughout the region and will target individuals those who lack situational awareness. Petty crimes, including pickpocketing, theft, and harassment from youth gangs are common. Gangs are particularly active in the Addis Ababa region, and crowded areas are vulnerable. Western travelers, including humanitarian aid workers, journalists, and business travelers are at increased risk of kidnapping attempts. The areas considered most dangerous are located on the southern border with Kenya and Ethiopia’s Somalia region. The kidnap threat is likely to exist throughout the region.
Travel by road in Ethiopia is high risk. The standard of driving in Ethiopia is poor; the majority of drivers are uninsured and unqualified. Road traffic laws are not enforced; drivers lack discipline and awareness. The roads are inadequately marked and in poor condition, especially in rural areas where visibility is reduced. Drivers are known to travel at excessive speeds where road and vehicle conditions are unsafe. Road Traffic Collisions (RTCs) are common. World Health Organization (WHO) has advised Ethiopia as having one of the highest death rates in the world as a result of RTCs.