Protests occur frequently in India and on occasions become violent. Areas that are vulnerable include major cities and towns where insurgent groups are active. This includes Jammu and Kashmir State. Political violence is common in West Bengal, protestors have used several attack methods including arson, vandalism and minor bombings during demonstrations. Major routes and railway lines are frequently blocked by protesters which has the potential to cause significant disruption to travel plans.
Female harassment is prominent in many areas throughout India. This is more common in crowded city streets and public transport.
Violent and non-violent crime are persistent threats in India. Low-level crime including pickpocketing, theft, and snatch and grab attacks are common and more likely to occur in crowded locations including hotels and restaurants.
Islamist militant organizations, including the Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammed, and Indian Mujahideen, operate in the region and have claimed responsibility for several attacks over the years. The threat of attacks is increased in northeastern states and certain areas of southern India. Crowded locations including hotels, public transport, and areas with a high presence of foreign travelers are vulnerable. Terrorist groups have the capability to carry out sophisticated attacks, including suicide bombings, coordinated complex assaults, and grenade attacks.
The standard of driving in India is poor. Local drivers regularly ignore road traffic safety and laws. Drivers are known to travel at excessive speeds where road and vehicle conditions are unsafe, this is more common on major roads and highways. Infrastructure is considered inadequate in relation to the amount of road users, therefore heavy congestion and disruptions are likely in many urban areas. There is a high risk of road traffic collisions (RTCs) due to the poor driving conditions, unpredictable driving behavior and inadequate infrastructure.
Public transportation can be unsafe for foreign travelers. Overcrowding, frequent rail incidents, and fatal road accidents are a major concern. Additionally, thieves are known to operate on public transport, and travelers are considered vulnerable due to their perceived wealth.