The threat of violent crime in Metro Manila is high due to the prevalence of firearms; however, foreign nationals are not typically targeted. Violent crime, including assault, armed robbery, homicides, kidnapping, and carjacking poses the greatest threat in low-income areas of Metro Manila. Criminals in the Philippines do not hesitate to typically use force if a victim resists.
Terrorist activity continues to pose a threat from groups such as the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG), Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF), Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), New People’s Army (NPA and other associated groups. Some groups have pledged allegiance to Daesh (formally referred to as ISIL) and are likely to target westerners.
Attacks have been carried out in 2019 with small arms, IED’s and suicide bombers, targeting Catholic churches, a Military base and a mall. Kidnappings have caused casualties mostly in Mindanao and Sulu where foreigners were victimized.
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