There is a medium to high risk of a terrorist attack in Russia. Terrorist groups, including ISIS and lone actors, are active within the region. Terrorists predominately target security forces and government officials in the North of the country, but Islamist militants could conduct attacks in any state.
Travelers should be aware of the possibility of muggings, pickpocketing and theft from vehicles or hotel rooms. Although most visitors experience no difficulties, racially motivated or homophobic attacks do occur in Russia. Incidents of violence in major cities are usually linked to criminal or business activities and not typically directed against foreign visitors. In St Petersburg, well-organized gangs have conducted street crimes against foreign travelers. Pickpocketing in tourist areas and around railway concourses is possible. Criminals impersonating police officers have harassed and robbed tourists in the past.
There are several closed cities and regions in Russia. If you attempt to enter these areas without prior authorization, you may be subject to arrest, fines, and deportation.
Travel by road in Russia is medium risk. Road conditions are poor outside of major cities, and heavy traffic presents a concern. Road safety throughout the region is inadequate, and at times drivers can lack discipline. There is an increased risk for Road Traffic Collisions (RTC) due to the poor road conditions and lack of due diligence.